Updated September 2019
Missouri has historically been one of the most restrictive states when it comes to cannabis policy, but in November 2018 voters approved Amendment 2 to legalize the use of marijuana for medical purposes by qualified patients. Learn more about Missouri marijuana laws below.
Recreational Marijuana in Missouri
Is marijuana legal in Missouri. No– recreational marijuana remains illegal in Missouri. Lawmakers in 2014 did enact Senate Bill 491 to reduce penalties for the possession of up to 10 grams of marijuana. The law, which took effect January 1, 2017, makes the first offense punishable as an infraction (class D misdemeanor) carrying a fine of $250 to $1,000. Possession of 10 grams to up to 35 grams is a class A misdemeanor, but punishable to up to 1 year in prison and a maximum fine of $2,000. Possession of over 35 grams, or 1.25 ounces, is a felony, punishable to up to seven years in prison and a $5,000 fine.
In April 2016, nearly 75% of voters in Kansas City approved Question 5, a measure that eliminated jail penalties and lowered the fine for those caught in possession of up to 35 grams from $500 to $25.
Medical Marijuana in Missouri
Missouri voters approved Amendment 2 in November 2018 to legalize medical marijuana.
Registered patients and their caregivers are allowed to purchase up to four ounces of marijuana from dispensaries every month. A 4 percent retail tax is applied to sales, with excess revenue going to a fund aimed at covering veterans’ health care costs. The new law also legalizes the personal cultivation of six marijuana plants by patients registered with the program.
The new law allows permit state-licensed physicians to recommend medical marijuana to patients diagnosed with the following conditions:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- HIV and AIDS
- Intractable Migraines
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Psychiatric Disorders
- Spinal Cord Injuries
- Terminal illness
The law also permits doctors to recommend cannabis for any chronic, debilitating, or other condition they see fit.
CBD from Hemp Oil in Missouri
Hemp-derived CBD products are legal under Federal Law in the United States; however, individual state laws are dynamic and fluid. Individual states may enact their own laws governing hemp-derived CBD.
Cultivation of Cannabis in Missouri
Cultivating marijuana for recreational use is prohibited in Missouri. Registered medical marijuana patients or their caregivers can legally grow up to six marijuana plants at home.
Licensed growers can legally cultivate hemp in Missouri. Signed into law on June 24, 2019, Senate Bill 133 authorized the commercial production of hemp. The new law replaces the state’s research pilot program that had been in place since 2014. The Missouri Department of Agriculture intends to make applications for producing and growing permits available in the fall of 2019 in time for the 2020 growing season.
Legal Status of Other U.S. States
Stay up to date on the latest state legislation, referendums, and public opinion polls. Our Marijuana Legalization Map allows you to browse the current status of medical and recreational marijuana laws in other U.S. states and territories.
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