Retinal damage is one of most common ailments of the eyes. The most common causes of retina damage are those related to old age, light damage, or trauma. Each cause may require a different method of treatment, so identifying the cause is especially important. In rare instances, a problem may develop without an obvious trigger, requiring further examination from the specialist.
One of the ways in which retina damage may occur is through a vitamin deficiency. Vitamins A and E are thought to be especially important to that area of the eyes. Making sure there is adequate consumption of those vitamins, either through natural foods or vitamin supplements can help promote eye health. Though the exact reason why these vitamins are so important remains somewhat unclear, it appears as though they are responsible for strengthening some of the pieces that make up the retina.
Light can also damage the retina. Light damage occurs when there is a prolonged exposure directly to intense light. This is why scientists encourage individuals to not look directly at the sun, even during an eclipse.
Another form of light damage can occur with lasers. Laser retina damage is not very common, but it can be a danger. Often, laser pointers, and even grocery checkout scanners, will come with warnings about avoiding looking directly at the laser. Retina burn, as this type of damage is often called, can be painful, especially when it first occurs.
Another form of retina damage may occur when there is direct trauma to the eye. This will likely be from an object hitting or penetrating the eye. When this takes place, the pain is often severe, and will often require immediate medical attention. Even in cases where vision may not be initially affected, it is wise to get the eye checked by an ophthalmologist or other specialist. If there is damage that is not readily apparent, the doctor may discover it upon examination.
Retina damage may also take place as a result of the aging process. Vitamin supplements may help prevent some of this from taking place. Making sure to put as little strain as possible on your eyes is also a good idea. For those who feel they may be having retina problems due to old age, there are a few treatments that can provide some relief. But, it is unlikely any treatment will be able to completely find a cure for geriatric damage.